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Severe Stress and Trauma

Unresolved Trauma:

Some events in life cause pain that goes deep and lasts a long time.  These are classified as emotional “traumas.”
Severe trauma related symptoms can reach the level of disorder, which is referred to as Post Traumatic Stress. Most people are naturally resistant to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). However, you are more likely to develop PTSD if you:
  • had an earlier life-threatening event or trauma, such as being abused as a child
  • have another mental health problem
  • have family members who have had mental health problems
  • have little support from family or friends
  • have recently lost a loved one, especially if it was an unexpected loss
  • have had recent, stressful life changes
  • use alchohol frequently
      (Adapted from PTSD: National Center for PTSD)

Assess Severe Stress and Trauma:

You may have had different types of thoughts after a traumatic experience. Below are a number of statements that may or may not be representative of your thinking. Please read each statement carefully and tell us how much you AGREE or DISAGREE with each statement. People react to traumatic events in many different ways. There are no right or wrong answers.

                    1 =Totally disagree       2 = Disagree very much       3 = Disagree slightly       4 = Neutral      

                                      5 = Agree slightly       6 = Agree very much       7 = Totally agree

If you have reported six or above on the majority of these items, you may suffer from unresolved trauma.  This may demonstrate that you often perceive things as dangerous, upsetting or overwhelming due to the influence of past events in your life. For the above items the scoring key is complex.  If you wish to have a more in-depth analysis of your answers, you may contact us for a brief consultation or schedule an appointment to meet with us in person at 724-396-1510.

Do you recall a particular event in your life that was traumatic? Recognizing the lingering symptoms of a trauma event can be the first step to healing. At Christian Counseling Associates, we provide crisis services to individuals, families, and organizations that experience traumatic events.  In addition, we specialize in the assessment and treatment of PTSD.  Please call today, 724-396-1510 for help in dealing with traumatic life events.


Foa, E. B., et al. (1999). The Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI): Development and validation. Psychological Assessment, 11, 303–314. 

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